In the USA, the primary certification body to consider is the Federal Communications Commission (FCC). To sell a product in the USA, FCC certification is required. Since 1988, FCC Rules and Regulations have mandated that all electronic products undergo testing and certification for Electromagnetic Interference (EMI) and especially for Radio Frequency (RF) devices. It’s important to note that there are no EMC immunity requirements in the USA.
After certification, the product must be labeled with the FCC mark and FCC ID for radio devices. To obtain certification, all test reports (emissions, radio, RF exposure-SAR, and product documentation) must be submitted to Telecommunication Certification Bodies (TCBs) along with the required fee. TCBs can certify radio products on behalf of the FCC. For digital devices without radios, compliance with FCC Part 15B is still necessary, and a Declaration of Compliance is required. Additionally, a local representative is required to facilitate the certification process.
In Canada, the certification of products is governed by Innovation, Science and Economic Development (ISED). The certification rules in Canada are similar to those in the USA. Canadian standards test reports must be submitted to the authority, and a fee is required for certification. Product labeling is also mandatory for the Canadian market.
For both the USA and Canada, testing can be conducted in labs located in any country that has a Mutual Recognition Agreement (MRA) with the USA/Canada. In cases where an MRA does not exist (e.g., India), independent test labs accredited by A2LA or NVLAP can perform the testing, and the reports will be acceptable to FCC/ISED.
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