India currently is the 5th largest producer of E-waste in the world. The number has been increased drastically for India to be at 3rd position by end of 2020. Increased usage of electronic devices and electrical equipment like mobile phone, servers, television, laptop, microwave, refrigerators including air conditioners are resulting into large quantity of E-waste day by day.
To overcome the national concern, a set of rules and regulations for E-waste came into the existence as E-waste Management Rule, 2011. The same has been replaced with E-waste Management Rule, 2016.
In November 2022, govt of India had released the notification with respect to new rule of E-waste named as E-waste Management Rule 2022. The said rule has introduced new product categories under the mandatory regime of EPR authorization. The rule 2022 will be implemented from April 1st 2023.
Source link: https://cpcb.nic.in/uploads/Projects/E-Waste/e-waste_rules_2022.pdf
The overall objective of E-Waste(M) rules is to take all steps required to ensure that e- waste is managed in a manner which shall protect health and environment against any adverse effects, which may result from such E-waste.
This rule is applicable to every producer, consumer or bulk consumer, collection centre, dismantler and recycler of e-waste involved in the manufacture, sale, purchase and processing of electrical and electronic equipment or components specified in schedule– I of these Rules.
Official document of E-waste Management Rule, 2016: E-Waste Rule, 2016 & E-Waste Amendment Rule 2018
Categories of electrical and electronic equipment
Electrical and electronic equipment code
Information technology and telecommunication equipment:
Centralized data processing: Mainframes, Minicomputers
Personal Computing: Personal Computers (Central Processing Unit with input and output devices)
Personal Computing: Laptop Computers (Central Processing Unit with input and output devices)
Personal Computing: Notebook Computers
Personal Computing: Notepad Computers
Printers including cartridges
Electrical and electronic typewriters
User terminals and systems
Consumer electrical and electronics:
Television sets (including sets based on (Liquid Crystal Display and Light Emitting Diode technology)
Air-conditioners excluding centralized air conditioning plants
Fluorescent and other Mercury containing lamps
‘Extended Producer Responsibility’ means responsibility of any producer of electrical or electronic equipment, for channelization of e-waste to ensure environmentally sound management of such waste. Extended Producer Responsibility may comprise of implementing take back system and/or setting up of collection centers and having agreed arrangements with authorized dismantler/recycler either individually or collectively through a Producer Responsibility Organization recognized by producer or producers in their Extended Producer Responsibility – Authorization.